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Crossroads :

by Barkley, Elizabeth F.
Edition statement:2nd ed. Published by : Pearson Prentice Hall, (Upper Saddle River, N.J. :) Physical details: xvii, 318 p. : ill., maps ; 26 cm. + ISBN:0131930737; 9780131930735. Year: 2007
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Reference Reference AIT 美國資料中心 AIT American Center

全球各地150個國家共設有650處美國資料中心,透過各種活動、講座,以及中心內的藏書、刊物、和電影讓訪客認識並熟悉美國。美國資料中心設置於美國在世界各地的駐外使館、學校、圖書館,或其他夥伴單位,不僅是一個提供資訊的管道,同時也透過各種活動與民眾交流互動。歡迎到全台任何一處美國資料中心參觀,會有更多豐富收穫!

R 781.64 Bar (Browse shelf) Not for loan 014719
Reference Reference 台北美國資料中心 (北市圖) American Corner Taipei
R 781.64 Bar (Browse shelf) Not for loan AC06899

Earlier edition was published in 2003 under the title: Crossroads : popular music in America.

Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

pt. I. The journeys begin -- 1. Music in multicultural America -- The components of American multiculturalism -- Culture -- Ethnicity and culture -- Race and culture -- Acculturation and assimilation into American society -- The United States today -- American multiculturalism and American music -- The building blocks of music -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Insight : the "United States" or "America?" -- In-depth focus : America as the "new world" -- 2. The music of Native Americans -- Native American origins -- Overview of pre-conquest music traditions -- Challenges to studying pre-conquest Native American music -- Commonalities among Native music traditions -- Structural characteristics -- Native American music within a historical and social context : the fifteenth-nineteenth centuries -- Native American cultural diversity -- Contact with Europeans in the colonial period -- Native Americans and the United States of America -- Impact of Europeans on native culture and music traditions -- Native American music in the twentieth century -- Pan-Indian music -- Native Americans today -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Profile : Douglas Spotted Eagle -- Listening guide : "Rabbit dance" -- In-depth focus : style categories of powwow music -- Insight : Native American or Indian? -- 3. The roots of European/Anglo-American music -- European American origins -- Overview of European-American music traditions -- Commonalities of European-American music -- Early Anglo-American music traditions -- The structural characteristics of Anglo-American folk music -- Anglo-American music within a social and historical context -- Religious music of the colonial period -- Folk music of the early settlers -- The Americanization of British folk songs -- Instrumental music of the early settlers -- Conflict and the road to revolution -- The founding of a new nation -- Conclusion -- Boxed features -- Insight : understanding the term "Anglo-American" -- Listening guide : "Barbara Allen" -- In-depth focus : famous patriotic songs -- Insight : the American tradition of square dance calling -- Profile : the Carter family -- 4. The roots of African-American music -- African-American origins -- Challenges to retaining African culture -- Overview of African music traditions -- African diversity -- African commonalities -- African-American music within a historical and social context -- Colonial America -- Structural characteristics of early African-American music -- The American Revolution and striving for freedom -- The Civil War, Reconstruction, and the late nineteenth century -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Insight : "African-Americans" or "Blacks?" -- Listening guide : "Drum rhythms" -- Insight : the double language of spirituals -- Profile : Huddie Ledbetter "Leadbelly" -- 5. The roots of Latin American music -- The first Mexican Americans -- Pre-conquest and arrival of the Europeans -- Overview of the music of the Aztecs and other indigenous peoples -- Challenges and changes in studying indigenous music of Mexico -- Commonalities of Aztec and other indigenous music -- Structural characteristics of Aztec and other indigenous music -- Mexican-American music in a historical and social context -- The Spanish colonial period -- Influence of colonial system on Mexican music -- Mexican independence -- Mexican Northern provinces become part of the United States -- Mestizo music traditions -- Structural characteristics -- Popular Mestizo music styles -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Insight : what's in a name? The challenge of categories -- In-depth focus : Friars Toribo de Motolinía and Pedro de Gante -- Listening guide : "La Llorona" -- Profile : Linda Ronstadt --

pt. II. Encounters at the crossroads -- 6. The blues -- Overview of the music tradition of the blues -- Origin of the term "the blues" -- Stylistic categories -- The structural characteristics of the blues -- The blues in a historical and social context -- The Civil War and Reconstruction -- Origin of the blues to 1900 -- Spread of the blues from 1900 to 1920 -- The 1920s and initial expansion of blues styles -- The 1930s and the development of urban blues -- The 1940s and three important bluesmen -- Important developments in the 1950s -- The 1960s and British blues -- The 1970s to the present -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "Cross road blues" -- Insight : the blues as the devil's music -- In-depth focus : Dockery Farms and Charlie Patton -- Profile : B. King -- Profile : Susan Tedeschi -- 7. Jazz -- Jazz : Primarily African-American or European-American? -- Overview of the music tradition of jazz -- Stylistic categories -- Structural characteristics -- Jazz in a historical and social context -- Precursors to jazz : ragging and ragtime -- The "birth of jazz" in New Orleans : 1865-1917 -- The 1930s and 1940s : the swing era -- Vocal jazz -- The 1940s and 1950s : bebop -- The 1950s and 1960s : cool jazz and hard bop -- The 1960s and 1970s : the avant-garde, free jazz, and fusion -- The 1980s and 1990s : classicism, smooth or contemporary jazz, and acid jazz -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "Take the A train" -- Insight : the New Orleans Creoles of Color -- Profile : Miles Davis -- 8. Gospel -- Overview of gospel music -- Distinguishing gospel from spirituals -- Structural characteristics -- Gospel music in a historical and social context -- The foundation for the development of gospel music -- The work of Thomas Dorsey in the 1920s -- The "birth" of gospel in Chicago and the 1930s and 1940s -- The recording and popularizing of gospel in the 1950s -- Gospel in the last half of the twentieth century -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- In-depth focus : camp meetings, bush meetings and "shouts" -- Listening guide : "How I got over" -- Insight : white gospel -- Profile : Kirk Franklin -- 9. Cajun and Zydeco -- Overview of Cajun and Zydeco music traditions -- Structural characteristics -- Cajun and Zydeco music in a social and historical context -- The roots of Cajun music -- Cajun music in the middle of the twentieth century -- Zydeco -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Profile : Michael Doucet -- Listening guide : "Zydeco" -- Profile : Queea Ida and Buckwheat Zydeco -- 10. Country music -- Overview of country music -- Stylistic categories -- Structural characteristics -- Country music in a historical and social context -- The 1930s and the emergence of "country western" -- The 1940s with honky tonk and bluegrass -- The 1950s and the creation of "the Nashville sound" -- The 1960s and 1970s -- The 1980s to the present -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "Rocky top' -- Insight : country music's inherent traditionalism -- Profile : Shania Twain -- 11. The urban folk revival -- Overview of the music of the urban folk revival -- Renewed interest in traditional music -- Dissemination and popularization of traditional music -- Trends in folk music in the mid-twentieth century -- Structural characteristics -- The urban folk revival in a social and historical context -- 1900-1940 -- The 1940s -- The 1950s -- The 1960s -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Insight : Joe Hill -- In-depth focus : folksong collecting and John and Alan Lomax -- Profile : Pete Seeger -- Listening guide : "Barbara Allen" -- Profile : Bob Dylan -- Profile : Ben Harper --

pt. III. Excursions in new directions -- 12. Rock 'n' roll -- Overview of rock 'n' roll's music characteristics -- Rock 'n' roll in a historical and social context -- Changes in the 1940s and 1950s -- The birth of rock 'n' roll -- The primary musical influences on early rock 'n' roll -- Two examples of the fusion of styles -- Rock 'n' roll's first stars -- Conflicting reactions to rock 'n' roll -- Later developments of rock -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "Whole lotta shakin going on" -- In-depth focus : John Mayer and the search for superstars -- 13. Soul, Motown, and funk -- Overview of the musical characteristics of soul, Motown and funk -- Soul music -- Motown -- Funk -- Soul, Motown, and funk in a historical and social context -- Soul music -- Early soul music -- Geographical centers for soul music -- Motown -- Funk -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide "Say it loud : I'm Black and I'm proud" -- Profile : Aretha Franklin -- Profile : Brian McKnight -- 14. Salsa, reggae, and Caribbean Latino music -- Defining "the Caribbean" -- Overview of Caribbean music traditions -- Structural characteristics unifying Caribbean music -- Specific music traditions of particular importance to Puerto Rico -- Other Caribbean music traditions -- Caribbean music traditions within a historical and social context -- Pre-conquest and establishment of Spanish colonies -- Puerto Rico as an American territory -- The development of salsa -- The birth of "salsa" -- African and European influences on salsa -- Salsa's increasing popularity -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- In-depth focus : reggae to raga -- Profile : Puerto Rican Roots : Ricky Martin, Jennifer Lopez, and Marc Anthony -- Profiles : from Cuba : Tito Puente and Gloria Estefan -- Listening guide : "Menea La Cintura" -- 15. Tejano, banda, and contemporary Mexican-American music -- Overview of twentieth-century Mexican-American music traditions -- Stylistic categories -- Structural characteristics -- Twentieth-century Mexican American music within a social and historical context -- The first half of the twentieth century -- The second half of the twentieth century -- The late twentieth century -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "El Tamal" -- Profile : Carlos Santana -- 16. Asian American music -- Challenges and issues in discussing Asian Americans and Asian-American music -- The three periods of Asian immigration -- Current Asian communities in the United States -- Asian-American music within a social and historical context -- Chinese Americans -- Filipino Americans -- Indian and Pakistani Americans -- Vietnamese Americans -- Korean Americans -- Japanese Americans -- Asian-American music in the last half of the twentieth century to the present -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- In-depth focus : the Chinese lion dance -- Profile : Yo-Yo Ma -- Listening guide : "Hard times (Come again no more)" -- 17. Hip-hop and rap -- Overview of hip-hop and rap music traditions -- Defining hip-hop and rap -- Stylistic categories of rap -- Rap and hip-hop in a social and historical context -- Roots of rap in African and African-American oral traditions -- The earliest hip-hop and rap -- The context for the rise in popularity of rap -- Shift in rap from party music to social commentary -- Hip-hop and rap become more mainstream -- The growth of hardcore rap -- The 2001 Hip-Hop Summit -- Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Boxed features -- Listening guide : "The breaks" -- Profile : Jay-Z.